Our forward thinking, dynamic and competent team can complete a fire risk assessment on behalf a Responsible Person, Duty Holder or Accountable Person.

A quality fire risk assessment is a vital obligation and a legal requirement for all non-domestic, commercial buildings and for residential buildings containing two or more sets of domestic premises. The process involves identifying fire hazards and evaluating the risks to people arising from them, taking into account the adequacy of existing fire precautions, and deciding whether or not the fire risk is acceptable without further fire precautions.

For residential premises, our risk assessment process will also evaluate, where applicable, an initial evaluation of the buildings structure and external walls (to include doors or windows in those walls and attachments including balconies), common parts such as voids and services etc. and an inspection of doors between the domestic premises and common parts. Predominately Type 1 fire risk assessments are completed of residential premises but we can also offer and provide Types 2 – 4 FRA if required (see FAQ’s below for more information).

A suitable fire risk assessment is the core foundation of any buildings fire–safety policy and we have a wealth of knowledge and experience across premises risk occupancy groups such as:

  • Residential Buildings
  • Offices
  • Schools, universities
  • Public assembly buildings
  • Leisure centres
  • Public houses
  • Cinemas and places of entertainment
  • Shops
  • Factories
  • Warehouses
  • Hotels
  • Hostels
  • Heritage buildings

We are third party accredited to Gold Standard for the completion of fire risk assessments under BAFE SP205-1 Life Safety Fire Risk Assessment Scheme certified by NSI – National Security Inspectorate. We are listed on the National Listing of fire risk assessors maintained by the Fire Sector Federation and our assessors hold listing on the Institute of Fire Engineers (IFE) Fire Risk Register of Assessors.

Q: What is involved?

A: Assessing the adequacy of existing fire precautions of a building will involve a physical survey of a premises where we will cover several subject areas. Also, and importantly, we review the fire safety management of any organisation to include measuring the human factors such as training and delegated responsibilities.

  • Fire loss experience
  • Fire hazards
  • Fire prevention
  • Storage and handling of flammable liquids and gases
  • Means of escape
  • Flammability of linings
  • Emergency escape lighting
  • Fire safety signs and notices
  • Fire detection and fire alarm systems
  • Fire extinguishing systems and appliances
  • Smoke control systems
  • Facilities for use by the fire and rescue service
  • Arrangements for management of fire safety
  • Fire procedures
  • Training and drills
  • Testing and maintenance
  • Records

Q: Have recent changes to fire safety legislation been incorporated in Ashton Fire’s fire risk assessment approach?

A: Yes, we are fully abreast of recent changes to fire safety legislation and have incorporated changes to inspection and reporting formats as well as to our templates to encompass the new legally required changes. This is especially important in the residential premises sector where Responsible and Accountable Persons can be assured our fire risk assessment methodology will address all required areas to include the potential for a Fire Risk Appraisal of External Walls (FRAEW) of external wall construction and cladding of existing blocks of flats.

Q: How is the report recorded?

A: Our fire risk assessment reporting is modelled on the Code of Practice PAS 79 methodology. This Code of Practice provides a recognised and accepted method process to carry out and record a fire risk assessment and it is intended to be used to produce a simple qualitative assessment of the risk from fire where likelihood and consequence are evaluated to provide a risk rating.

Our reports provide clear concise reporting of subjected areas supported by photographs consolidated into a ‘significant findings action plan’ for the client to then prioritise any actions with priority, risk and time scales recorded to action the findings. Our process will also identify observations and comment that may be outside the scope of fire legislation but may present themselves as a consideration for property or business continuity.

Q: What are the different types of Residential FRA?

A: Type 1 – fire risk assessment for a block of flats, sheltered housing or extra care housing, in which the scope of the fire risk assessment is limited to common parts, plant rooms and other non-domestic areas of the building (if any), and in which the inspection of the building is non-intrusive.

Type 2 – fire risk assessment that is generally similar, in scope and objectives, to a Type 1 fire risk assessment, except that there is a degree of intrusive inspection, involving opening up of construction on a sampling basis and making good after the inspection. A Type 2 fire risk assessment is usually a one-off exercise, which is carried out only if there is good reason to suspect serious structural deficiencies that could lead to spread of fire beyond the flat of fire origin. The work of opening up and making good is normally carried out by a contractor, rather than the fire risk assessor.

Type 3 – fire risk assessment that includes all work within the scope of a Type 1 fire risk assessment, and so is non- intrusive, but also takes into account the arrangements for means of escape and fire detection (usually by means of smoke alarms) within at least a sample of the flats; within the flats, the inspection is non-intrusive, but the fire resistance of doors to rooms is taken into account.

Type 4 – fire risk assessment that involves the same scope of work as a Type 3 fire risk assessment, except that there is a degree of intrusive inspection, in both the common parts and the flats, carried out on a sampling basis.

A Type 4 fire risk assessment is normally appropriate only in limited circumstances, such as when a new Responsible Person takes over a block of flats in which the history of works carried out is unknown and there is reason to suspect serious risk to residents from both a fire in their own flats and a fire in neighbouring flats. The work of opening up and making good is normally carried out by a contractor, rather than the fire risk assessor.

As part of our commitment to the golden thread we have put a lot of effort into understanding clients and end user requirements regarding Fire Safety Management.

Our Engineers and Consultants have been supporting large estates and their fire safety management requirements in a wide range of areas for over 15 years, including:

  • Leadership Support
  • Policies, Planning and Procedures
  • Legislative Compliance
  • Fire Evacuation Plans (incl PEEPs/GEEPs)
  • Training and Drills
  • Fire Risk Assessment
  • Fire Service Information Packs
  • Responsibility Matrices and Co-ordination
  • Audit and Evaluation
  • Ad-hoc Support

With the recently introduced BS9997 we can now provide a valuable review of Fire Safety Management Systems and help organisations, large and small, to develop robust, effective, efficient and pragmatic approaches to fire safety management.


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